ReFuelEU Aviation

The ReFuel EU Aviation proposal offers targets for sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) and synthetic aviation fuels from 2025 to 2050 The policy proposal safeguards competitiveness in the air transport industry while ensuring that CO2 emissions linked to fuel in the aviation sector may be reduced by circa 60-61% by 2050 compared to the baseline year The emergence of SAF on the market would lead to a dramatic decline in the reliance of aviation on fossil jet fuel, leading to a 65% reduction of the latter by 2050

Categories Europe/Transport

Post COP26 Analysis: Oceans Continue to be Under-Represented

Very little progress was made at COP26 in relation to climate change and the oceans and coastal communities. Two initiatives were launched at COP26. One initiative was to conserve 30% of the world’s oceans by 2030 and the second, the world’s first Blue Bond announced by Fiji. Have to wait to see if further action will be taken at the 2022 UN Oceans Conference in Lisbon.

Categories COP26

IPCC’s Sixth Assessment Report: “No Climate Policy” Scenarios

What is a ‘No Climate Policy’ Scenario? Read on to find out how the IPCC have assessed potential future scenarios. The sixth assessment report is the most comprehensive analysis of the climate crisis to ever be released. The AR6 also highlighted the risk of compound events, recognising that extreme weather events such as heatwaves and droughts are more likely to occur simultaneously, as well as becoming more frequent in the future.

What Barriers Can Be Expected To The Community-Based Water Management Programme Implemented In The Ounila Catchment?

This thesis analyses the formal and informal barriers faced by the Community-based Adaptation (CBA) programme implemented by the NGO PermaAtlas in the Ounila catchment, located on the Moroccan High Atlas Mountains. Placed in one of the most water stressed regions in the world, the subsistence of rural communities in the study area strongly depends on effective and efficient management of water resources. Although researchers and policy makers have promoted Community-based programmes as a panacea to tackle water management issues, analysis of such programmes is limited and poorly demonstrated. With focus on the management of water resources, the barriers to the programme implementation were assessed through multi-criteria analysis using the Adaptative Capacity Framework. According to this analysis, cultural and community barriers, although strong at the beginning of the programme, have been partially overcome reaching now a fragile equilibrium. Currently, financial barriers are the main problem facing the expansion of the programme, as lack of sufficient funds could trigger latent disputes among different communities of the catchment. With this, the lack of adequate and complete monitoring also represents a major issue considering future infrastructure works and the increasing climate uncertainties of the region. Based on this evaluation, recommendations have been made to facilitate the dialogue among communities in order to reduce social unrest and to implement a reliable monitoring programme to quantify changes induced by the project.

Categories Student Work

Climate Responsibility: Strengthening the Existing Frameworks

Although the Paris Agreement rules that states must all do what they can to keep global warming below 1.5°C, it does not provide binding requirements on how they should do so, in accordance with the principle of “common but differentiated responsibilities and respective capabilities”. It also does not bind corporations, who are the world’s largest GHG emitters. Although the Paris Agreement and the NDCs are the best climate framework we have been able to develop to this day, there are ways in which they could be strengthened. We could establish clear minimum emission requirements, for instance, or apply a similar framework of NDCs to large businesses.

Categories Climate Justice