This stands for the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change: an international treaty signed in 1992 at the Earth Summit in Rio, by 154 countries and the EU. This convention entered into force on 21 March 1994. The number of contracting countries grew over time to comprise 197 parties to the Convention. This international treaty aimed to structure international cooperation in tackling climate change by limiting the average rise in global temperature and the resulting climate change and dealing with its inevitable impacts.

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