In 1994 Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change decided to meet annually to discuss matters related to climate change. This annual meeting became known through the Convention as the Conference of the Parties (COP). This year’s COP, COP 26, will be held in Glasgow, UK, between 1st and 12th November.

In this section you will find articles related to the history of COP, the development of international treaties, Parties’ ambitious commitments in relation to climate change, and focus pieces on what to expect in the upcoming COP.

In this article we elaborate on the term just transition, a concept that entails both - climate change mitigation and quality jobs in a green economy, in the context of the UNFCCC and COP.  Read more
Elizaveta Nidzelskaya sets out the role of a host country at COP, the UK’s agenda for the summit and how it is being delivered, and the extent to which the UK’s own climate policy supports or undermines its position as COP26 President. Read more
This article investigates the role of technology in meeting the climate goals set out in the Paris Agreement. Read more
This article introduces the Financial Mechanism established in the UNFCCC treaty, which aims to establish instruments and channels for developed country Parties to assist developing country Parties to be able to mitigate and adapt to the climate crisis. Read more
This article outlines the basics about climate change mitigation and current actions of international implementation. Read more
While climate change mitigation is important, so is also adaptation to it. This article describes what adaptation to climate change means and how it is promoted by the Conference of Parties (COP). Read more
So far the Tunesian Nationally Determined Contributions to the Paris agreement have not been ambitious enough to be aligned with the declared climate targets. A youth group has taken up on that to work out recommendations, considering social and economic aspects, to convince and engage politicians towards their implementation. Read more
Hannah explains the 2030 emission reduction targets that countries are setting for COP26. This article outlines the updated pledges which countries are making in time for COP26. Read more
Amy discusses the subtle differences the Paris Agreement makes between countries, and the importance of certain words for binding, non-binding commitments in the Paris Agreement. Read more
Through its 29 articles, the Paris Agreement commits governments across the world to address the climate crisis through ambitious target setting. Read more