Economics

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Carbon credit trading includes limiting emissions, carbon taxes, and trading schemes [1]. Paris Agreement's Article 6 enables voluntary cooperation for Read more
Climate-related accounting manages financial risks from climate change in business strategy. The SEC (United States), ESRS (European Union) and IFRS Read more
Improving the operational carbon footprint of buildings by, for example, insulation and electrifying the grid, is one solution. A second Read more
We need to decarbonise the building sector, which amounts to 39% of global GHG emissions. While traditionally the focus has Read more
Although consumers do pay attention to the environmental factor in their consumption choices, the most important factor for them is Read more
degrowth policies
Our world is facing a polycrisis for which growth is primarily responsible Green growth will not save us as it Read more
Climate change creates physical, transition and liability risk. Climate risk helps to quantify the potential and realised impacts of climate Read more
The diversity of investors in renewable energy has increased, opening up the pre-existing range of investment opportunities in renewables to Read more
A rise in temperature will lead to a decrease in labor productivity (more dehydration, chronic health diseases and even death) Read more
TCFD stands for Task Force on Climate-Related Financial Disclosures. The TCFD’s overall aim is to encourage a greener and thus Read more
Universal Basic Income (UBI) has shifted from a radical agenda to a relevant policy proposal, especially since the pandemic · Read more
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Ecological economics focuses on the need for human economic activity to not extend beyond our ecological ceiling whilst providing prosperity Read more
Doughnut Economics is an ecologically safe and socially just economic model developed by the economist Kate Raworth in 2012. The Read more
Understanding the “S” component in ESG has posed challenges which are important to overcome. Using and integrating existing and upcoming Read more
If the ownership of negative externalities is assigned, parties can negotiate to reach the best deal. Negotiation is often more Read more
In the past few years, there has been a strong increase in ESG reporting requirements around the world. ESG stands Read more
‘Carbon trading’, ‘emissions trading’ or ‘carbon markets’ refer to an approach to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, which turns the right Read more
Urban Mining is the process of recovering and reusing a city’s materials. It is a great way to reduce our Read more
Understanding the contribution of corporations to the climate crisis is essential to implementing measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Read more
This article examines an alternative economic model often put forward as a better option for the planet than our current, Read more
A steady-state economy entails a stable population and per capita consumption that do not exceed the carrying capacity of ecosystems. Read more
The Social Discount Rate (SDR) represents the value we place on the welfare of future generations and consequently the cost Read more
Jevon’s paradox describes how a more efficient use of one resource can actually result in the opposite: an increase in Read more
This article introduces the Financial Mechanism established in the UNFCCC treaty, which aims to establish instruments and channels for developed Read more
An introduction to Green Bonds and why they will be crucial to the future of financing. Read more
An economic concept describing the destructive incompatibility of shared resources and self-interest. Read more
The second of the Kyoto protocol’s reduction incentives. It issues tradable carbon allowances for Article I countries to trade, additionally Read more
The CDM rewards developed countries who aid developing countries in their sustainable development, by issuing sustainable development projects with Certified Read more