The Carbon Cycle And The Keeling Curve

The carbon cycle is a biogeochemical process in which carbon is exchanged between reservoirs through fluxes over a period of time. The dynamic equilibrium of the carbon cycle is heavily disrupted due to human emissions from burning fossil fuels and land degradation, leading to increased levels of carbon dioxide. The Keeling curve is the longest recorded graph of CO2 concentration in the atmosphere on Earth; it indicates that CO2 levels today are the highest in 800,000 years.

Criminal Law And The Environment: What Are The Difficulties?

Within the strict interpretation of the law, “corporate environmental crimes are strictly speaking not a crime”. The 2008 Environmental Crime Directive states that there is no need to demonstrate the defendants' intention, negligence or fault concerning the harm caused.

Urgenda Against The State Of The Netherlands

As it hasn’t sufficiently reduced greenhouse gas emissions, the Netherlands couldn’t fulfill its duty of care towards its citizens, neither under Dutch Tort Law nor from a Human Rights perspective. According to the issuing courts there is a sufficient causal link between the greenhouse gas emissions of the Netherlands, global climate change, and the Dutch living environment, even if these emissions are relatively small. The courts played an important role in this case and were able to interfere in policy matters (despite the separation of powers) as they only set the required mitigation outcome but no specific measures on how to reach this outcome.

Internship Update

Name of Internship: Sustainability and Administration Internship Company/Organisation of Internship: Gradfuel Location: London, UK Paid/Unpaid: Paid (Kickstarter Scheme) Start Date: Unspecified Duration: 6 months Name of Internship: Climate Analytics Analyst Company/Organisation of Internship: WTW (Willis Towers Watson) Location: London, UK Paid/Unpaid: paid Start Date: N/A Name of Internship: Intern Company/Organisation of Internship: E Co Location:...

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ETS: Emission Trading Systems Outside the EU

Emissions trading schemes (ETS) incentivize polluters to reduce CO2 emissions through carbon pricing. ETS in China, South- Korea, Switzerland, the UK and California tend to target energy-intensive industries and can cover up to 80% of all greenhouse gas emissions. Most ETS, excluding South Korea, make polluters pay for the majority of their emissions by obliging them to buy a permit (rights) to emit more CO2 than the baseline, thereby encouraging green investment.

Fit For 55: TRAN/ITRE Committee Meetings 03/03/2022

Energy taxation should take into account the mix of energy, energy poverty and monitoring, and the difference between the Member State practices. The scheme for energy taxation should be implemented as soon as possible, taking into account the urgency of the climate crisis. The energy taxation should be used as a catalyst for speeding up the use of renewables within each Member State

Sneak peak of the EU Parliament on Making Transport Fit For 55

Concerning aviation and the maritime sector, MEPs recognize the need to shift to alternative “green” fuels. However, some fear that this will diminish the EU’s competitiveness. The same issue arises for the ETS revision where some argue the additional costs for achieving the climate goals are highly problematic. Some MEPs say that here the social climate fund comes into play, which should help low-income families and SMEs with the transition. The French presidency agrees with the importance of a socially fair transition and is in line with opinions on the energy efficiency directive that transport poverty must be avoided e.g., by focusing on public transport.