Central Asia is one of the most arid regions in the world and is watered nearly entirely by one source: the Tibetan Plateau. The Amu Darya basin within the Tibetan Plateau has shown a decline of 119% in water-supply capacity, and experts predict a near-total collapse in water availability to downstream regions. Water availability has been linked to a number of clashes in the region over the past few decades, such as border clashes in 2014 and 2016.
China’s novel ETS illustrates a positive development in the remit of carbon markets, aimed at achieving the country’s commitment to achieving net zero carbon emissions by 2060. The scope for successfully implementing an ETS remains significant, covering 15% of global CO2 emissions.
Following the first two parts of this series, this article concludes the series by considering the efficacy of the Montreal Protocol.
So far the Tunisian Nationally Determined Contributions to the Paris agreement have not been ambitious enough to be aligned with the declared climate targets. A youth group has taken up on that to work out recommendations, considering social and economic aspects, to convince and engage politicians towards their implementation.
The United Nations’ SDGs are central to shaping international climate policy. Sustainable development is particularly important in building back greener after the pandemic. Read on to find out what they involve.