Central Asia is one of the most arid regions in the world and is watered nearly entirely by one source: the Tibetan Plateau. The Amu Darya basin within the Tibetan Plateau has shown a decline of 119% in water-supply capacity, and experts predict a near-total collapse in water availability to downstream regions. Water availability has been linked to a number of clashes in the region over the past few decades, such as border clashes in 2014 and 2016.
Energy efficiency means being independent from Russia’s oil and gas, focusing on renewable energy sources and innovation at EU level. Renewable energy usage should be reflected in the EU’s ambition by more than 40% by 2030, with a particular focus on hydrogen. Energy efficiency is strongly related to energy waste, in the sense that at EU level there should be a new behavior towards minimizing consumption and waste in general.