There has been a historic lack of incentive to protect the boreal forests, and as such little attention has been given to their preservation. Canadian advocates have called to halt clear-cutting of primary forests, and give the indigenous communities the power to manage the forests directly. The potential for national or even international regulation exists, but only if the importance of the boreal forests is recognised and incentives altered accordingly.
The boreal forests are in danger of flipping from a carbon sink to a carbon source in the coming decades. Threats to the boreal forests include increasing global temperatures, more wildfires, and the northward migration of invasive species of insects. These threats have interlocking feedbacks to each other, whereby the increasing influence of one worsens the other.