Article 11(2) of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights protects civilians’ rights to an adequate standard of living. The current climate crisis is putting food security at risk in turn threatening the rights outlined in the convention. Arguably, the convention is not doing enough to ensure the rights entailed in this convention are upheld and is incapable of responding to environmental threats.
The case Aguinda vs. ChevronTexaco over the spilling of oil was extraordinary in a way that the oil company was acquitted of the charge, while the opposing lawyer lost everything.
In April 4th, 2018, Dutch NGO Milieudefensie started a lawsuit against Shell. On February 12th, 2019, six other Dutch NGO’s joined Milieudefensie as plaintiffs (those who bring a case to court) . On the other side of the court, there was Shell. Shell is listed as 7th in the top 20 companies that contributed to global warming with historical emissions (1965 - 2017), almost four times higher than the Netherlands; of these emissions, 90% originate from their products, and 10% from the extraction and transport of the fossil fuels. The court ruled that Shell is obliged to reduce the CO2 emissions of the Shell group’s activities by net 45% at end 2030, relative to 2019,