The mining of transition materials, crucial to the production of EVs, echoes many concerns of traditional mining. Human rights abuses, disrespect for indigenous people and traditions as well as threatening the livelihoods of the local population are often overlooked in the name of the sustainability transition. Responsible sourcing, increased levels of recycling and honest marketing offer a solution for minimizing the human and environmental cost.
The ReFuel EU Aviation proposal offers targets for sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) and synthetic aviation fuels from 2025 to 2050 The policy proposal safeguards competitiveness in the air transport industry while ensuring that CO2 emissions linked to fuel in the aviation sector may be reduced by circa 60-61% by 2050 compared to the baseline year The emergence of SAF on the market would lead to a dramatic decline in the reliance of aviation on fossil jet fuel, leading to a 65% reduction of the latter by 2050
The EU is leading the way regarding emission standards. CO2 emissions regulations have been in place for passenger cars since 2009 and for vans since 2011. The proposal strengthens the reduction targets including a 100% reduction by 2035 relative to 2021 meaning the end of internal combustion engines.
Transportation often gets identified as a major vector for emissions, and is therefore the target of innovation.