Understanding EU Policy-making

Out of all international organisations, the EU is considered to have some of the most extensive climate protection laws, and it is regarded as a regional and global leader in environmental protection. Nonetheless, the process of EU decision-making can be notoriously overwhelming for citizens to engage with the process, or to appreciate it. It takes place at multiple levels, and involves several bodies and representatives from twenty-seven countries. In short, the EU is often regarded as complex precisely because of its inclusivity, its long history of evolving bureaucracy and flexibility, as well as its commitment to reach agreement among all stakeholders. To properly understand how policy-making works, it is necessary to first understand the role which is played by each of the EU institutions.

Categories Europe

Understanding the EU Forest Policy

Adopted in July 2021, the EU forest strategy is the European Union’s plan to improve the quantity and quality of forests in its Member States. It is part of the “Fit for 55” package, the EU’s overall plan to reduce emissions by 55% by 2030 compared to 1990 levels. The forest strategy aims to strengthen forest protection, restore biodiversity and carbon pits, and increase the resilience of natural habitats. Not only that, but it is also an ambitious plan to create jobs and improve health conditions, although it does have drawbacks.

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Informal Consultations: From COP25 to COP26

In the run up to the next COP, the previous year’s Presidency and the incoming Presidency work together to set out a multi-layered approach to identify and test solutions to the topics at the upcoming COP. This article focuses on the outcomes of the meetings and consultations that have taken place during 2021 since COP25. The discussions have focused on six key areas, their challenges and negotiation points.

Categories COP26

European Union: Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism

As part of the European Union's (EU) Green Deal legislation, a Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism (CBAM) has been proposed that should work hand-in-hand with the EU Emissions Trade Scheme (ETS) Some individuals suggest the ETS already covers what the CBAM promises; for example, it is based on the purchase of certificates by importers and will be based on the weekly price of EU ETS allowances CBAMs have been trialled or are in the planning stage in different regions of the world such as California, Canada and Japan.

Categories Europe

EU ETS: An Introduction

Its Emissions Trading System is central to the EU’s efforts in reducing power and industrial emissions. In the cap-and-trade system, an overall amount of yearly emissions allowances is defined which can be traded among participants. Reforms have over the years improved the performance of the EU-ETS and a further tightening of its terms has recently been proposed.

Categories Europe