What’s in an NDC? A 2030 Outlook

by Hannah Melville-Rea

Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) are nations’ five-year climate plans to the Paris Agreement. It is the primary mechanism in the Paris Agreement to curb climate change. The first round of NDCs were submitted in 2015, detailing climate action for the 2020-2025 period. 

Currently, countries are updating these pledges in time for COP26, detailing their commitments for the 2025-2030 period. So far, 48 countries and the EU have submitted new NDC targets. A UN report finds that the updated plans are insufficient and would only reduce emissions by 2.8% compared to the first round of NDCs, despite needing a 55% improvement to stay below the 1.5 degree target. 

Still, there is still reason for optimism. New analysis from the Energy & Climate Intelligence Unit shows that two-thirds of the global economy, and the majority of the global population, is now covered by net-zero targets. These targets will help to shape NDCs. We are still waiting to receive NDCs from countries representing 75% of global emissions. The US has announced a net-zero by 2050 goal is expected to launch an ambitious NDC at its Earth Summit on April 22nd. Similarly, China has committed to net-zero by 2060 and will submit its NDC in the coming months. What happens in the next few months will shape our climate’s future. Stay up to date with NDCs using Carbon Action Tracker. They work to track and compare climate plans for greater transparency in the climate process.

Categories Key Terms and Agreements

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